1. Clean the Surface
The first step is to clean the wooden floor completely. The main goal you have to reach is that the floors should be clean of all sorts of dust and small particles, which can cause hindrance in the next steps. The most preferable method is to mop the floors and then wipe them dry.
2. Sanding or Buffing
Next step is to remove the upper layer of wood, which needs to be scraped so that the new wood can emerge. You can easily do this with sandpaper or steel wool, but using a small object like this will take up a lot of time. So, unless you are doing patchwork, it is suggested to use a handheld sandpaper, but if you are working towards refinishing the complete floor, then it is wise for you to get a large buffer or walk-behind sander or screen, that will essentially work as a mop and scrape away the old layer of wood. The trick behind it is that you should go slowly with an even speed to get the desired results. Next, you are advised to clean out the dust properly, that has emerged from using the sanding screen.
3. Staining Your Floors
This step is optional. If you want to change the color of your wooden floors altogether, then you can be considering either painting your wood or staining it with a polish-like material. This step can actually bring out the real wood features and it looks very intricate. The only thing you need to remember when staining your wooden floors is that the color range of stains is quite small. You can only choose from shades of browns, reds, mahogany and some dark colors of yellow. Painting, on the other hand, has a wide range of colors to choose from. You can completely customize the color of your floors to your liking. It looks very unique and adds character to the flooring.
4. Coating of Polyurethane
The next step is to protect the wood from damage. Polyurethane or varnish is an excellent choice. It is a protective coating, which brings back the luster and shines to the wood. You can also choose the finish of your floor according to your liking. You have to choose your choice of finish beforehand, whether you want it to look shiny or non-reflective. Polyurethanes are oil-based; this is the main reason why they are so lustrous. But, being oil-based, they are not good for the environment. They are a choking hazard and can cause respiratory problems if inhaled in too much quantity. So cross ventilation in your room is necessary if you want to get rid of the vapors polyurethane emits. After applying a coat of polyurethane, you have to wait for at least a whole day for the treatment to set. It has to be applied in a thin layer otherwise, it can have bad end results on the floors.
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